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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Bisecting N-acetylglucosamine on K562 cells suppresses natural killer cytotoxicity and promotes spleen colonization.

beta 1-4 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (GnT-III) catalyzes the formation of bisecting N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) in the biosynthesis of N-linked oligosaccharides. To examine the effect of bisecting GlcNAc on the natural killer (NK) cytotoxicity, the GnT-111 gene was introduced into NK-sensitive K562 cells that have no detectable GnT-III activity. We obtained three clones stably expressing high GnT-III (positive transfectants). Introduction of the GnT-III gene resulted in an increase of bisecting GlcNAc and a decrease of external sialic acid as well as tri- and tetraantennary sugars, as judged by flow cytometry. Compared to controls, the NK cytotoxicity was completely blocked against positive transfectants. The binding of effector cells to positive transfectants was also decreased. After s.c. injection into nude mice, positive transfectants produced spleen colonization, although no spleen lesions were formed by control cells. In nude mice depleted of NK cells by anti-asialo GM1 antibody, both positive transfectants and controls produced spleen colonization equally. These results indicate that K562 cells expressing GnT-III are resistant to NK cytotoxicity, resulting in spleen colonization in nude mice.[1]


  1. Bisecting N-acetylglucosamine on K562 cells suppresses natural killer cytotoxicity and promotes spleen colonization. Yoshimura, M., Ihara, Y., Ohnishi, A., Ijuhin, N., Nishiura, T., Kanakura, Y., Matsuzawa, Y., Taniguchi, N. Cancer Res. (1996) [Pubmed]
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