The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neurite outgrowth in brain neurons induced by heparin-binding growth-associated molecule ( HB-GAM) depends on the specific interaction of HB-GAM with heparan sulfate at the cell surface.

Heparin-binding growth-associated molecule ( HB-GAM) is a cell-surface- and extracellular matrix-associated protein that lines developing axons in vivo and promotes neurite outgrowth in vitro. Because N-syndecan (syndecan-3) was found to function as a receptor in HB-GAM-induced neurite outgrowth, we have now studied whether the heparan sulfate side chains of N-syndecan play a role in HB-GAM-neuron interactions. N-Syndecan from postnatal rat brain was found to inhibit HB-GAM-induced but not laminin-induced neurite outgrowth when added to the assay media. The inhibitory activity was abolished by treating N-syndecan with heparitinase, but it was retained in N-syndecan-derived free glycosaminoglycan chains, suggesting that N-syndecan heparan sulfate at the cell surface is involved in HB-GAM-induced neurite outgrowth. Binding to HB-GAM and inhibition of neurite outgrowth was observed with heparin-related polysaccharides only; galactosaminoglycans were inactive. Significant inhibition of neurite outgrowth was induced by heparin and by N-syndecan heparan sulfate but not by heparan sulfates from other sources. A minimum of 10 monosaccharide residues were required for HB-GAM-induced neurite outgrowth. Experiments with selectively desulfated heparins indicated that 2-O-sulfated iduronic acid units, in particular, are of importance to the interaction with HB-GAM, were implicated to a lesser extent. Structural analysis of N-syndecan from 6-day-old rat brain indicated that the heparan sulfate chains contain sequences of contiguous, N-sulfated disaccharide units with an unusually high proportion (82%) of 2-O-sulfated iduronic acid residues. We suggest that this property of N-syndecan heparan sulfate is essential for HB-GAM binding and induction of neurite outgrowth.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities