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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dealkylation of N-nitrosodibenzylamine by metalloporphyrin/oxidant model systems for cytochrome P450.

N-Nitrosodialkylamines are alkylating carcinogens which are metabolically activated to alpha-hydroxy nitrosamines through oxidative dealkylation by cytochrome P450. In this study, the dealkylation step in the activation of N-nitrosodibenzylamine (NDBz) was investigated with metalloporphyrin/oxidant model systems under non-aqueous conditions, as biomimetic chemical models of cytochrome P450. In the model systems, NDBz was dealkylated and benzaldehyde was released. The catalytic activity required a porphyrin ring with a central metal that can interact with an oxidant. The oxidative activity of the model varied with the oxidant used in the order of tert-butyl hydroperoxide > cumene hydroperoxide > iodosobenzene, and also with the central metal of porphyrin used in the order of tetraphenylporphyrinatoiron(III) chloride > its manganese derivative. It was confirmed that N-nitrosodialkylamine undergoes oxidation to alpha-hydroxy nitrosamine in chemical model systems which are free of protein. These biomimetic models should be useful in elucidating the mechanisms of the metabolism of N-nitrosodialkylamines.[1]


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