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MeSH Review

Models, Chemical

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Disease relevance of Models, Chemical


High impact information on Models, Chemical


Biological context of Models, Chemical


Anatomical context of Models, Chemical


Associations of Models, Chemical with chemical compounds


Gene context of Models, Chemical

  • To test this hypothesis directly, using physical and chemical model systems, we synthesized, purified, and characterized A4 peptides corresponding to the human and rodent sequences [22].
  • Chemical models of cytochrome P450 catalyzed insecticide metabolism. Application to the oxidative metabolism of carbamate insecticides [23].
  • A quantum chemical model was built on the basis of the recent crystal structure of GAMT complexed with S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH) and GAA [24].
  • By contrast, the electron density profile calculated from a chemical model that includes lipids plus myelin basic protein (but not PLP) shows a higher density at the cytoplasmic than at the extracellular side.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[25]
  • The mechanism for methane formation in methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR) has been investigated using the B3LYP hybrid density functional method and chemical models consisting of 107 atoms [26].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Models, Chemical


  1. 1H and 13C NMR characterization of hemiamidal isoniazid-NAD(H) adducts as possible inhibitors of InhA reductase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Broussy, S., Coppel, Y., Nguyen, M., Bernadou, J., Meunier, B. Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Oxidative deterioration of the muscle proteins during nutritional muscular dystrophy in chicks. Shih, J.C., Jonas, R.H., Scott, M.L. J. Nutr. (1977) [Pubmed]
  3. An adjustable release rate linking strategy for cytotoxin-peptide conjugates. Fuselier, J.A., Sun, L., Woltering, S.N., Murphy, W.A., Vasilevich, N., Coy, D.H. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. (2003) [Pubmed]
  4. Base (O.-2, e-, or OH-)-induced autoxygenation of organic substrates: a model chemical system for cytochrome P-450-catalyzed monoxygenation and dehydrogenation by dioxygen. Sawyer, D.T., Sugimoto, H., Calderwood, T.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1984) [Pubmed]
  5. Cocarcinogenic effects of islet hormones and N-nitrosomorpholine in hepatocarcinogenesis after intrahepatic transplantation of pancreatic islets in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Dombrowski, F., Jost, C.M., Manekeller, S., Evert, M. Cancer Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Acid-catalyzed formation of isoprene from a mevalonate-derived product using a rat liver cytosolic fraction. Deneris, E.S., Stein, R.A., Mead, J.F. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
  7. Reactions of acyl phosphates with carboxylate and thiol anions. Model reactions for CoA transferase involving anhydride formation. Moore, S.A., Jencks, W.P. J. Biol. Chem. (1982) [Pubmed]
  8. Studies on the mechanism of denaturation of cytochrome P-450 by cyclophosphamide and its metabolites. Gurtoo, H.L., Marinello, A.J., Struck, R.F., Paul, B., Dahms, R.P. J. Biol. Chem. (1981) [Pubmed]
  9. A chemical model for the cyclization step in the biosynthesis of L-myo-inositol 1-phosphate. Kiely, D.E., Sherman, W.R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1975) [Pubmed]
  10. Peroxidase-catalyzed oxidative damage of DNA and 2'-deoxyguanosine by model compounds of lipid hydroperoxides: involvement of peroxyl radicals. Adam, W., Kurz, A., Saha-Möller, C.R. Chem. Res. Toxicol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Aflatoxin B1 activation to a plasmid mutagen by a chemical model of cytochrome P-450. Wood, M.L., Smith, J.R., Garner, R.C. Mutat. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Biophysical and catalytic properties of the phenobarbital p-hydroxylase--a cytochrome P-450 dependent mixed function oxidase. Maniara, W., Levin, S.S., Schleyer, H., Cooper, D.Y. Xenobiotica (1988) [Pubmed]
  13. Biomimetic oxidation of 2-methylimidazole derivative with a chemical model system for cytochrome P-450. Miyachi, H., Nagatsu, Y. Chem. Pharm. Bull. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Solubility of silver sulfadiazine in physiological media and relevance to treatment of thermal burns with silver sulfadiazine cream. Tsipouras, N., Rix, C.J., Brady, P.H. Clin. Chem. (1995) [Pubmed]
  15. Role of iron, hydrogen peroxide and reactive oxygen species in microsomal oxidation of glycerol to formaldehyde. Clejan, L.A., Cederbaum, A.I. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. (1991) [Pubmed]
  16. Micronucleus test with cyclophosphamide using mouse peripheral blood reticulocytes. Hatanaka, Y., Kitagawa, Y., Toyoda, Y., Kawata, T., Ando, N., Kawabata, Y., Iwai, M., Arimura, H. Mutat. Res. (1992) [Pubmed]
  17. Mechanism for catechol ring-cleavage by non-heme iron extradiol dioxygenases. Siegbahn, P.E., Haeffner, F. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Ring scission of diastereomeric 4-butylspiropentylcarbinyl radicals as a chemical model for identifying enzyme-catalyzed FAD adducts resulting from spiropentylacetyl-CoA. Lis, L., Koltun, E.S., Liu, H.W., Kass, S.R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  19. Trapping of an activated HF molecule inside a double four-ring unit: a quantum chemical model of the microporous fluorinated gallium phosphate ULM-18. Taulelle, F., Poblet, J.M., Férey, G., Bénard, M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2001) [Pubmed]
  20. Dual catalytic apparatus of the thiamin diphosphate coenzyme: acid-base via the 1',4'-iminopyrimidine tautomer along with its electrophilic role. Jordan, F., Nemeria, N.S., Zhang, S., Yan, Y., Arjunan, P., Furey, W. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2003) [Pubmed]
  21. Two pathways of iron-catalyzed oxidation of bilirubin: effect of desferrioxamine and trolox, and comparison with microsomal oxidation. De Matteis, F., Dawson, S.J., Gibbs, A.H. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (1993) [Pubmed]
  22. Human and rodent Alzheimer beta-amyloid peptides acquire distinct conformations in membrane-mimicking solvents. Otvos, L., Szendrei, G.I., Lee, V.M., Mantsch, H.H. Eur. J. Biochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
  23. Chemical models of cytochrome P450 catalyzed insecticide metabolism. Application to the oxidative metabolism of carbamate insecticides. Keserü, G.M., Balogh, G., Czudor, I., Karancsi, T., Fehér, A., Bertók, B. J. Agric. Food Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
  24. Theoretical study of the methyl transfer in guanidinoacetate methyltransferase. Velichkova, P., Himo, F. The journal of physical chemistry. B, Condensed matter, materials, surfaces, interfaces & biophysical. (2006) [Pubmed]
  25. Membrane topology of PLP in CNS myelin: evaluation of models. Inouye, H., Kirschner, D.A. Neurochem. Res. (1994) [Pubmed]
  26. A mechanism from quantum chemical studies for methane formation in methanogenesis. Pelmenschikov, V., Blomberg, M.R., Siegbahn, P.E., Crabtree, R.H. J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2002) [Pubmed]
  27. Thiol ester hydrolysis catalyzed by glutathione S-transferase A1-1. Dietze, E.C., Grillo, M.P., Kalhorn, T., Nieslanik, B.S., Jochheim, C.M., Atkins, W.M. Biochemistry (1998) [Pubmed]
  28. Micronucleus test with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine administered by intraperitoneal injection and oral gavage. Hayashi, M., Sofuni, T., Kodama, Y., Ishidate, M., Tamura, H. Mutat. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
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