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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hepatic peroxisome proliferation in vitamin A-deficient mice without a simultaneous increase in peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase activity.

Vitamin A-adequate and vitamin A-deficient C57B1/6 mice were treated for ten days with 0.02% (w/w) perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in their diet. Treated vitamin A- adequate and -deficient mice demonstrated approximately the same increases in liver somatic index (g liver/g body weight) (somewhat more than 2-fold) and mitochondrial protein content (5-fold). PFOA treatment resulted in a 26-fold increase in hepatic peroxisomal lauroyl-CoA oxidase activity in vitamin A-adequate mice, whereas the same activity was unchanged in vitamin A-deficient mice. Vitamin deficiency itself caused a 3- to 4- fold increase in cytosolic catalase activity and a smaller increase in the activity of microsomal cytochrome P-450 IVA (lauric acid omega- and omega-1 hydroxylase) in this same organ. The induction of the activities of these enzymes was less prominent in vitamin A-deficient mice compared with the effect caused by PFOA in vitamin A-adequate mice, resulting in approximately the same maximal values for these parameters in both groups (i.e approx 21 micromol/g liver - min and 350 nanomol/g liver - min, respectively). A 70 kDa protein, presumable the multifunction protein, was shown by Commassie blue staining of SDS-polyacrylamide gels and by immunoblotting (with antibodies towards the multifunctional protein) to be induced to approximately the same degree in vitamin A-adequate and deficient mice. A morphometric study revealed that PFOA causes the same extent of hepatic peroxisome proliferation in vitamin A-deficient as in vitamin A-adequate mice. The possibility that PFOA exerts its effect in vivo through at least two different mechanisms is discussed.[1]


  1. Hepatic peroxisome proliferation in vitamin A-deficient mice without a simultaneous increase in peroxisomal acyl-CoA oxidase activity. Sohlenius, A.K., Reinfeldt, M., Bäckström, K., Bergstrand, A., DePierre, J.W. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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