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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro and in vivo inactivation of transcobalamin II receptor by its antiserum.

Rabbits injected with pure human placental transcobalamin II-receptor (TC II-R) failed to thrive with no apparent tissue or organ damage, but a 2-fold elevation of the metabolites, homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, and the ligand, transcobalamin II, in their plasma. Exogenously added transcobalamin II-[57Co]cyanocobalamin bound very poorly (2-5%) to the affected rabbit liver, kidney, and intestinal total or intestinal basolateral membrane extracts relative to the binding by membrane extracts from normal rabbit tissues. The activity was restored to normal values following a wash of affected rabbit tissue membranes with pH 3 buffer containing 200 mM potassium thiocyanate. Immunoblot analysis of normal and affected rabbit kidney and liver total membranes revealed similar amounts of 124-kDa TC II-R dimer protein. The neutralized and dialyzed extract from the affected rabbit membranes inhibited the binding of the ligand to pure TC II-R and the harvested affected rabbit serum inhibited the uptake of TC II-[57Co]cobalamin (Cbl) from the basolateral side of human intestinal epithelial (Caco-2) cells and decreased the utilization of [57Co]Cbl as coenzymes by the Cbl-dependent enzymes. The loss of exogenously added ligand binding or the binding of 125I-protein A occurred with the intestinal basolateral, but not the apical membranes. Based on these results, we suggest that circulatory antibodies to TC II-R cause its in vivo functional inactivation, suppress Cbl uptake by multiple tissues, and thus cause severe Cbl deficiency and the noted failure to thrive.[1]


  1. In vitro and in vivo inactivation of transcobalamin II receptor by its antiserum. Bose, S., Komorowski, R., Seetharam, S., Gilfix, B., Rosenblatt, D.S., Seetharam, B. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
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