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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential coupling of CC chemokine receptors to multiple heterotrimeric G proteins in human interleukin-2-activated natural killer cells.

Using two different approaches, we have investigated the types of G proteins coupled to CC chemokine receptors. First, permeabilization of interleukin-2-activated natural killer (IANK) cells with streptolysin-O and introduction of anti-G protein antibodies inside these cells resulted in the following. (1) Anti-G(s), anti-G(o), and anti-G(z) inhibited the migration of IANK cells in response to macrophage-inflammatory protein-1 alpha (MIP-1 alpha), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), or regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES). (2) Anti-Gi inhibited their migration in response to MCP-1 or RANTES but not in response to MIP-1 alpha. Second, incubation of IANK cell membranes with anti-G protein antibodies before incubating with (gamma-35S) GTP or (gamma-32P) GTP, resulted in the following. (1) Anti-G(s), anti-G(o), or anti-G(z) inhibited GTP binding and GTPase activity in the presence of MIP-1 alpha, or RANTES. (2) Anti-G(i) inhibited GTP binding and GTPase activity in the presence of MCP-1 or RANTES but not in the presence of MIP-1 alpha. The inhibitory effect of anti-G protein antibodies was reversed upon incubating these antibodies with their respective synthetic peptides before addition to IANK cell membranes. These results suggest that MCP-1 and RANTES receptors are promiscuously coupled to multiple G proteins in IANK cell membranes and that this coupling is different from MIP-1 alpha receptors, which seem to be coupled to G(s), G(o), and G(z) but not to G(i).[1]


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