The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antitumour evaluation of dolastatins 10 and 15 and their measurement in plasma by radioimmunoassay.

Dolastatins 10 and 15 are small peptides isolated from the marine sea hare Dolabella auricularia that have been shown to interact with tubulin. Their growth-inhibitory properties were compared using panels of human ovarian and colon-carcinoma cell lines. Both agents were very potent inhibitors of cell growth, with dolastatin 10 being an average of 9.1-fold more potent than dolastatin 15 [mean 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50 values) 2.3 x 10(-10) and 2.1 x 10(-9) M, respectively; P < 0.05] and more potent than paclitaxel or vinblastine. While neither dolastatin exhibited marked cross-resistance in cisplatin- or etoposide-resistant cell lines, contrasting effects were observed using an acquired doxorubicin-resistant (CH1doxR, 100-fold resistant, P-glycoprotein overexpressing) cell line. Resistance was significantly higher to dolastatin 15 (12.7-fold) than to dolastatin 10 (only 3.2-fold; P < 0.05) and was reversible in both cases by verapamil. In vivo, using a s.c. advanced-stage human ovarian carcinoma xenograft and equitoxic doses, greater activity was observed with dolastatin 10 (6.1-day growth delay) versus 0.4 days for dolastatin 15. A radioimmunoassay for dolastatin 10 (limit of detection in mouse plasma 5 ng/ml) was developed. The rabbit antiserum aslo cross-reacted by 65% with dolastatin 15. Comparative mouse pharmacokinetics following i.v. administration of 1 mg/kg showed that both compounds are rapidly eliminated, but with a shorter second-phase half-life (t1/2 beta) being observed for dolastatin 15 (being detectable for only up to 4 h post-administration), the t1/2 beta being 3 times longer for dolastatin 10. In addition, areas under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC values) were 1.6-fold higher for dolastatin 10 (333 versus 208 ng ml-1 h). Plasma binding of dolastatin 10 exceeded 90%. The highly sensitive RIA will be useful for pharmacokinetic studies in conjunction with the planned phase I clinical trials of these novel, extremely potent, tubulin-binding agents, of which dolastatin 10 appears to possess the more promising preclinical features.[1]


  1. Antitumour evaluation of dolastatins 10 and 15 and their measurement in plasma by radioimmunoassay. Aherne, G.W., Hardcastle, A., Valenti, M., Bryant, A., Rogers, P., Pettit, G.R., Srirangam, J.K., Kelland, L.R. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities