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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Double-strand breaks on YACs during yeast meiosis may reflect meiotic recombination in the human genome.

Meiotic recombination in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is initiated at double-strand breaks (DSBs), which occur preferentially at specific locations. Genetically mapped regions of elevated meiotic recombination ('hotspots') coincide with meiotic DSB sites, which can be identified on chromosome blots of meiotic DNA (refs 4,5; S.K. et al., manuscript submitted). The morphology of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) containing human DNA during the pachytene stage of meiosis resembles that of native yeast chromosomes. Homologous YAC pairs segregate faithfully and recombine at the high rates characteristic of S. cerevisiae (vs. approximately 0.4 cM/kb in S. cerevisiae versus approximately 10-3 cM/kb in humans). We have examined a variety of YACs carrying human DNA inserts for double-strand breakage during yeast meiosis. Each YAC has a characteristic set of meiotic DSB sites, as do yeast chromosomes (S.K. et al., manuscript submitted). We show that the positions of the DSB sites in the YACs depend on the human-derived DNA in the clones. The degree of double-strand breakage in yeast meiosis of the YACs in our study appears to reflect the degree of meiotic recombination in humans.[1]


  1. Double-strand breaks on YACs during yeast meiosis may reflect meiotic recombination in the human genome. Klein, S., Zenvirth, D., Sherman, A., Ried, K., Rappold, G., Simchen, G. Nat. Genet. (1996) [Pubmed]
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