The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax protein transactivates RNA polymerase III promoter in vitro and in vivo.

Tax protein of the human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) is critical for viral replication and is a potent transcriptional activator of viral and cellular polymerase II ( pol II) genes. We report here that Tax is able to transactivate a classical pol III promoter, VA-I. In cotransfection experiments, Tax is shown to increase transcription of the VA-I promoter approximately 25-fold. Moreover, Tax is able to activate VA-I transcription when added exogenously to an in vitro transcription reaction. Using Tax affinity column chromatography, we demonstrate that Tax is able to deplete a HeLa cell extract for components required for transcription of VA-I. The transcriptional activity of the Tax-depleted extract can be restored by the 0.6 phosphocellulose fraction. Interestingly, a consensus binding site for cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) is located upstream of the VA-I promoter, and deletion of this element results in the loss of Tax responsiveness. When this CREB binding site is replaced by a Gal-4 binding site, the VA-I promoter can be transactivated by a Gal4-Tax fusion protein. Taken together, these results suggest that Tax may activate pol III and pol II promoter through a similar mechanism involving the CREB activation pathway. It is also possible that Tax affects pol III transcription by direct interaction with a component of the pol III transcriptional machinery.[1]


  1. Human T-cell leukemia virus type I Tax protein transactivates RNA polymerase III promoter in vitro and in vivo. Piras, G., Dittmer, J., Radonovich, M.F., Brady, J.N. J. Biol. Chem. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities