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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Sequence and mutational analysis of the common nodBCIJ region of Rhizobium sp. (Oxytropis arctobia) strain N33, a nitrogen-fixing microsymbiont of both arctic and temperate legumes.

By heterologous hybridization, we have identified the common nodulation genes nodBCIJ of Rhizobium sp. strain N33 within a 8.2-kb PstI fragment. The nodBCIJ genes are located within a 4,620-bp region which also included a consensus nod box promoter. The four open reading frames coding for the nodBCIJ genes contain 657, 1,353, 915, and 789 nucleotides, respectively. We found that the nodA gene was not adjacent to the nodB gene, unlike the situation in many rhizobia. The DNA of the nodBCIJ genes of Rhizobium sp. strain N33 were found to be homologous to the corresponding genes of other rhizobia except for the 3'-coding region of the nodC gene. The deduced NodC protein was the longest of the rhizobia except Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Tn5 mutagenesis of the common nod region of strain N33 revealed that the nodBC genes were essential for nodulation on their temperate hosts Onobrychis viciifolia and Astragalus cicer. By contrast, mutations in the nodI and nodJ genes produced a Nod+ phenotype with a reduced number of nodules on the temperate hosts. Nodules formed on Onobrychis viciifolia by either nodI or nodJ mutants were approximately 10 times smaller than nodules formed by the wild type strain: this reduction in nodule size was not observed on Astragalus cicer.[1]


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