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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Changes in serotonin metabolism during treatment with the aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitors disulfiram and cyanamide.

The effect of the aldehyde dehydrogenase inhibitors disulfiram (Antabuse) and cyanamide (calcium carbimide, Dipsan) on the metabolism of serotonin measured as relative amounts of the metabolites 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid and 5-hydroxytryptophol in urine were studied in alcoholic patients. Sixteen out of 23 patients receiving drug therapy showed elevated excretion of 5-hydroxytryptophol. However, there was a marked, 15-fold, variability in 5-hydroxytryptophol excretion rate between patients. A high degree of variability was also seen in another group of patients studied before and after introduction of drug therapy. When patients were followed during the dose interval, a time-dependent response after each single dose could be observed. The disulfiram response lasted over the course of several days whereas the response to cyanamide lasted for less than 12 hr. It is concluded that treatment with disulfiram and cyanamide affects serotonin metabolism leading to increased production of 5-hydroxytryptophol, but there is a marked inter-individual variability in degree of response.[1]


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