The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

AP-1 regulation of the rat bone sialoprotein gene transcription is mediated through a TPA response element within a glucocorticoid response unit in the gene promoter.

Bone sialoprotein (BSP), a protein which has been implicated in the initial mineralization of newly-formed bone, provides an early phenotypic marker for differentiated osteoblasts. BSP expression is induced by glucocorticoids in association with osteoblast differentiation, and a glucocorticoid response element (GRE) overlapping a putative TRE (TPA, 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol 13-acetate, response element) site has been identified in the rat BSP promoter (Ogata et al., 1995). Since AP-1 and the glucocorticoid receptor have a central role in regulating cell proliferation and differentiation, we have studied AP-1 activity, stimulated by 100 ng/ml TPA in normal fetal rat calvarial cells and in transformed rat osteosarcoma cells (ROS 17/2.8). A transient induction of both c-fos and c-jun mRNAs by TPA was observed in both cell populations, together with an associated suppression of BSP mRNA in the fetal rat calvarial cells. Rat BSP promoter constructs, transiently transfected into ROS 17/2.8 cells, were used to show that TPA suppressed transcription of a luciferase construct (-938/+60; pLUC6) that included the GRE/TRE, but not transcription of shorter contructs lacking this element. Notably, suppression of pLUC6 transcription by TPA was abrogated in the presence of the synthetic glucocorticoid, dexamethasone. Gel mobility shift analyses were performed using two double-stranded synthetic oligonucleotides. These encompassed the TRE and either the distal pair of GRE half-sites (-936/ -910; GRE3) or the proximal pair of GRE half-sites (-925/-899; GRE 4) that comprise the GRE/AP-1 element. The assay showed binding of both AP-1 complexes and recombinant c-Jun homodimers. Additionally, either the c-Jun or glucocorticoid receptor could displace its counterpart from the GRE/TRE but not from consensus GRE and TRE oligonucleotides, indicating that the abrogation of AP-1-mediated gene suppression by glucocorticoids could involve competitive binding. These studies, therefore, have identified a glucocorticoid response unit through which c-Fos and c-Jun can suppress the expression of BSP in proliferating pre-osteoblastic cells and through which glucocorticoids can ameliorate the effects of AP-1 and promote osteoblast differentiation and the associated expression of BSP.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities