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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Morphine withdrawal alters anterior pituitary hormone secretion, brain endopeptidase activity and brain monoamine metabolism in the rat.

Rats were made tolerant to morphine by a 5-day regimen with increasing doses. The time course of changes in serum anterior pituitary hormone levels, brain endo- and exopeptidase activity, levels of brain biogenic amines and body weight were studied during abrupt morphine withdrawal. Cold stimulated secretion of thyrotropin and the secretion of growth hormone were both decreased whereas that of prolactin was increased. In the hypothalamus both prolyl endopeptidase and dipeptidyl peptidase IV activities were concomitantly increased. The hypothalamic 5 hydroxyindole acetic acid levels were also increased. Changes in hormone secretion, peptidase activity and monoamine turnover had returned to baseline levels by 92 hr. Our results indicate that morphine withdrawal and the associated stress produce alterations in anterior pituitary thyrotropin and growth hormone secretion. Concomitant increases in hypothalamic prolyl endopeptidase and dipeptidyl peptidase activities may contribute to these changes.[1]

References

  1. Morphine withdrawal alters anterior pituitary hormone secretion, brain endopeptidase activity and brain monoamine metabolism in the rat. Idänpään-Heikkilä, J.J., Rauhala, P., Tuominen, R.K., Tuomainen, P., Zolotov, N., Männistö, P.T. Pharmacol. Toxicol. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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