The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation of the P-450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) promoter through ras- and Ets-2-signaling pathways.

Expression of the ovine P-450 side-chain cleavage enzyme gene (CYP11A1) is stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) through a pathway that involves c-Jun in JEG-3 placental cells. Growth factor signaling involves ras-dependent and ras-independent signaling pathways, which in turn regulate gene transcription through related but distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways (MAPKs) including the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and the stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs). We investigated the intracellular signaling pathways governing EGF induction of the CYP11A1 promoter. EGF stimulation of the CYP11A1 promoter (4-fold) was reduced 60% by a dominant negative mutant of ras (N17), and 30-40% by antisense ras. EGF induced both ERK and SAPK activity in JEG-3 cells. EGF- induced CYP11A1 promoter activity was reduced 60% by the MEK1 inhibitor PD098059 and 50% by a dominant negative mutant of the ERK-specific regulator MEK1. In contrast, dominant negative mutants of the SAPK-specific activator, SEK1, induced a further increase in EGF- induced CYP11A1 promoter activity. Constitutively active mutants of ras (V12 or L61) increased CYP11A1 promoter activity 6- to 8-fold. Deletion of the EGF response element (EGF-RE) between -92 and -77 bp reduced ras induction by 60%; however, a residual 3-fold induction remained through the proximal -77 bp. Mutation of the EGF-RE AP-1-like sequence in the context of the native promoter reduced CYP11A1 promoter activation by ras 60%. The EGF-RE sequence was sufficient for 6-fold activation by ras in the context of an heterologous thymidine kinase promoter. Candidate transcription factor targets (c-Jun, c-Ets-2) for the ras-signaling cascade were examined for their effects on CYP11A1 promoter activity. Overexpression of c-Jun induced the CYP11A1 promoter through the EGF-RE; however, c-Ets-2 activation of the CYP11A1 promoter (12-fold) required the proximal ras-responsive promoter sequences that are distinct from the EGF/MEK/c-Jun-responsive element. Induction of the CYP11A1 promoter by EGF involves a ras/MEK1/AP-1-dependent pathway that is distinct from induction by ras/c-Ets-2.[1]


  1. Stimulation of the P-450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) promoter through ras- and Ets-2-signaling pathways. Pestell, R.G., Albanese, C., Watanabe, G., Lee, R.J., Lastowiecki, P., Zon, L., Ostrowski, M., Jameson, J.L. Mol. Endocrinol. (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities