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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Stimulation of the P-450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) promoter through ras- and Ets-2-signaling pathways.

Expression of the ovine P-450 side-chain cleavage enzyme gene (CYP11A1) is stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) through a pathway that involves c-Jun in JEG-3 placental cells. Growth factor signaling involves ras-dependent and ras-independent signaling pathways, which in turn regulate gene transcription through related but distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways (MAPKs) including the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) and the stress-activated protein kinases (SAPKs). We investigated the intracellular signaling pathways governing EGF induction of the CYP11A1 promoter. EGF stimulation of the CYP11A1 promoter (4-fold) was reduced 60% by a dominant negative mutant of ras (N17), and 30-40% by antisense ras. EGF induced both ERK and SAPK activity in JEG-3 cells. EGF- induced CYP11A1 promoter activity was reduced 60% by the MEK1 inhibitor PD098059 and 50% by a dominant negative mutant of the ERK-specific regulator MEK1. In contrast, dominant negative mutants of the SAPK-specific activator, SEK1, induced a further increase in EGF- induced CYP11A1 promoter activity. Constitutively active mutants of ras (V12 or L61) increased CYP11A1 promoter activity 6- to 8-fold. Deletion of the EGF response element (EGF-RE) between -92 and -77 bp reduced ras induction by 60%; however, a residual 3-fold induction remained through the proximal -77 bp. Mutation of the EGF-RE AP-1-like sequence in the context of the native promoter reduced CYP11A1 promoter activation by ras 60%. The EGF-RE sequence was sufficient for 6-fold activation by ras in the context of an heterologous thymidine kinase promoter. Candidate transcription factor targets (c-Jun, c-Ets-2) for the ras-signaling cascade were examined for their effects on CYP11A1 promoter activity. Overexpression of c-Jun induced the CYP11A1 promoter through the EGF-RE; however, c-Ets-2 activation of the CYP11A1 promoter (12-fold) required the proximal ras-responsive promoter sequences that are distinct from the EGF/MEK/c-Jun-responsive element. Induction of the CYP11A1 promoter by EGF involves a ras/MEK1/AP-1-dependent pathway that is distinct from induction by ras/c-Ets-2.[1]

References

  1. Stimulation of the P-450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1) promoter through ras- and Ets-2-signaling pathways. Pestell, R.G., Albanese, C., Watanabe, G., Lee, R.J., Lastowiecki, P., Zon, L., Ostrowski, M., Jameson, J.L. Mol. Endocrinol. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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