The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spatial learning in deer mice: sex differences and the effects of endogenous opioids and 60 Hz magnetic fields.

We examined the effects of brief exposure to weak 60 Hz extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields and opioid systems on spatial behavior and learning in reproductive adult male and female deer mice, Peromyscus maniculatus. Sex differences were evident in spatial performance, with male deer mice displaying significantly better performance than female mice in the Morris water maze, whereby animals had to acquire and retain the location of a submerged hidden platform. Brief (maximum 5 min) exposure to weak (100 microT) 60 Hz magnetic fields during task acquisition significantly improved female performance, eliminating the sex differences in acquisition. The opiate antagonist, naltrexone, also improved female acquisition, though significantly less than the magnetic fields. These facilitatory effects involved alterations of "non-spatial" (task familiarization and reduction of related anxiety/aversive related behaviors) and possibly "spatial" aspects of the task. Enhancement of enkephalin activity with the enkephalinase inhibitor, SCH 34826, significantly reduced task performance by male deer mice. Both naltrexone and the 60 Hz magnetic fields attenuated the enkephalin mediated reductions of spatial performance. These findings indicate that brief exposure to 60 Hz magnetic fields can enhance water maze task acquisition by deer mice and suggest that these facilitatory effects on spatial performance involve alterations in opioid activity.[1]


  1. Spatial learning in deer mice: sex differences and the effects of endogenous opioids and 60 Hz magnetic fields. Kavaliers, M., Ossenkopp, K.P., Prato, F.S., Innes, D.G., Galea, L.A., Kinsella, D.M., Perrot-Sinal, T.S. J. Comp. Physiol. A (1996) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities