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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction between ATP-sensitive K+ channels and nitric oxide on pial arterioles in piglets.

The interaction between ATP-sensitive K+ channels (KATP) and nitric oxide (NO) was studied in pial arterioles of piglets. We examined the effects of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a general inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and 7-nitroindazole (7-NI), a selective inhibitor of neuronal NOS, on aprikalim-induced cerebral vasodilation. Topically applied, aprikalim, a selective activator of KATP, dilated arterioles by 11 +/- 7% at 10(-8) M and 17 +/- 6% at 10(-6) M. After L-NAME treatment (15 mg/kg, i.v.), the response was reduced (4 +/- 4% and 12 +/- 7%, respectively; n = 8, p < 0.05). Administration of 7-NI (50 mg/kg, i.p.) did not change pial arteriolar responsiveness to aprikalim. However, both L-NAME and 7-NI reduced the vasodilator responses to 10(-4) M N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) (by 73% and by 36%, respectively). Furthermore, 7-NI treatment abolished the glutamate-induced dilatation of pial arterioles. Administration of L-NAME reduced the NOS activity in the cerebral cortex by 88%, whereas the reduction after the 7-NI treatment was 44%. Pre-treatment and coadministration of 10(-5) M glibenclaminde, a specific inhibitor of KATP or L-NAME administration, did not change the dilatory response to sodium nitroprusside. We conclude that NO may be involved in aprikalim-induced dilation of pial arterioles.[1]


  1. Interaction between ATP-sensitive K+ channels and nitric oxide on pial arterioles in piglets. Bari, F., Errico, R.A., Louis, T.M., Busija, D.W. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. (1996) [Pubmed]
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