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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CD30 expression in seminoma.

In testicular germ cell tumors the CD30 antigen has been shown to be regularly expressed in embryonal carcinoma and was thus suggested as a marker for this particular neoplasm. Very recently, it has been proven that the monoclonal antibody Ber-H2 is suitable for the detection of this membrane antigen in paraffin sections. We conducted an immunohistochemical study to investigate the CD30 expression in a large series of different presentations of seminoma (ie, pure, mixed, and spermatocytic) because there is evidence from several sources that embryonal carcinoma is histogenetically closely related to, and probably derives from, seminoma. Sections from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 38 cases of testicular seminomas were immunostained for the demonstration of the CD30 antigen using the monoclonal antibody Ber-H2, cytokeratins, and placental alkaline phosphatase following an indirect streptavidin-peroxidase regimen. In selected cases, immunostainings were performed on consecutive sections to investigate a possible colocalization of CD30 and cytokeratins in seminoma. Specific immunostaining for CD30 in seminoma cells could be detected in single minute foci in 4 of 21 cases of pure classic seminoma. Seminomatous components of mixed tumors showed CD30 positivity in single, but also multiple, foci in 7 of 14 cases. CD30 immunoreactivity in seminoma cells occurred with and without colocalized expression of cytokeratin. Spermatocytic seminoma (n = 3) as well as intratubular germ cell neoplasia in tumor adjacent parenchyma (n = 36) were negative in all cases investigated. We conclude that in testicular germ cell tumors, the expression of CD30 is not restricted to embryonal carcinoma but can also be found focally in seminoma, adding further evidence for a close relationship between these two tumors. The prevalence of CD30 expression in seminomatous components of mixed tumors, as well as the coexpression with cytokeratins, suggest that CD30 expression in seminomas might indicate their upcoming transformation to embryonal carcinoma. This conclusion coincides with a model featuring seminoma in a central role of germ cell tumor development.[1]


  1. CD30 expression in seminoma. Hittmair, A., Rogatsch, H., Hobisch, A., Mikuz, G., Feichtinger, H. Hum. Pathol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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