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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Circadian rhythm in toxic effects of cystemustine in mice: relevance for chronomodulated delivery.

Cystemustine is a new nitrosourea with high anti-tumor activity and a short plasma half-life in mice. The influence of circadian dosing time upon its toxicities was first investigated in a total of 368 synchronized male B6D2F1 mice. Late survival rate varied from 4% in mice receiving a single dose of cystemustine (conventional lethal dose 50%) at 7 hours after light onset (HALO) up to 88% in mice treated at 15 or at 19 HALO. Target organ toxicities (bone marrow, circulating blood cells, spleen, colon and duodenum) were studied following a single slightly lower dose of cystemustine. Leukopenia was the major hematologic effect encountered. Leukocyte count nadir occurred 7 days after injection and was lowest following cystemustine at 7 HALO as compared to 13 or 19 HALO. Recovery was faster after cystemustine at 19 HALO as compared to other dosing times. Bone-marrow necrotic lesions were more pronounced 1 day after cystemustine at 7 HALO than after cystemustine at 19 HALO. Thus, a large-amplitude circadian rhythm characterized the toxicity of this nitrosourea in mice. The lowest cystemustine toxicity was found near the middle of the active span of the rest-activity circadian cycle of mice.[1]


  1. Circadian rhythm in toxic effects of cystemustine in mice: relevance for chronomodulated delivery. Martineau-Pivoteau, N., Levi, F., Rolhion, C., Kwiatkowski, F., Lemaigre, G., Filipski, E., Chollet, P. Int. J. Cancer (1996) [Pubmed]
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