The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endogenous 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase inhibitors and their role in glucocorticoid Na+ retention and hypertension.

11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) metabolizes active glucocorticoids to their inactive 11-dehydro products and protects renal mineralocorticoid receptors from the high circulating levels of endogenous glucocorticoids. 11 beta-HSD has been suggested to be important not only in the control of renal sodium retention but also blood pressure. We had previously shown that 11 alpha- and 11 beta-hydroxyprogesterone (11 alpha- and 11 beta-OHP) were (I) potent inhibitors of 11 beta-HSD (Isoforms 1 and 2) activity in vitro, (ii) able to confer mineralocorticoid (MC) activity upon corticosterone (B) in vivo and (iii) hypertensinogenic when chronically infused into Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. In addition we also showed that 3 alpha,5B-tetrahydroprogesterone (3 alpha,5B-THP) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) were potent inhibitors of 11 beta-HSD1 activity but not 11 beta-HSD2 activity, however, these substances were still able to confer MC activity upon B in the adrenalectomized rat. To assess the possible blood pressure modulating effects of 3 alpha,5B-THP and CDCA we have now infused these substances into intact SD rats continuously for 14 days. Both 3 alpha,5B-THP and CDCA caused a significant elevation in blood pressure within seven days, an effect that persisted throughout the 14-day infusion. These results show that both 3 alpha,5B-THP and CDCA are hypertensinogenic in the rat and that the inhibition of either 11 beta-HSD2 or 11 beta-HSD1 activity by endogenous progesterone metabolites and CDCA may be involved in the pathology of hypertension.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities