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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Association of the parainfluenza virus fusion and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoproteins on cell surfaces.

We previously observed that cell fusion caused by human parainfluenza virus type 2 or type 3 requires the expression of both the fusion (F) and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase ( HN) glycoproteins from the same virus type, indicating that a type-specific interaction between F and HN is needed for the induction of cell fusion. In the present study we have further investigated the fusion properties of F and HN proteins of parainfluenza virus type 1 (PI1), type 2 ( PI2), and type 3 ( PI3), Sendai virus (SN), and simian virus 5 (SV5) by expression of their glycoprotein genes in HeLa T4 cells using the vaccinia virus-T7 transient expression system. Consistent with previous results, cell fusion was observed in cells transfected with homotypic F/ HN proteins; with one exception, coexpression of any combination of F and HN proteins from different viruses did not result in cell fusion. The only exception was found with the closely related PI1 HN and SN HN glycoproteins, either of which could interact with SN F to induce cell fusion upon coexpression as previously reported. By specific labeling and coprecipitation of proteins expressed on the cell surface, we observed that anti-PI2 HN antiserum coprecipitated PI2 F when the homotypic PI2 F and PI2 HN were coexpressed, but not the F proteins of other paramyxoviruses when heterotypic F genes were coexpressed with PI2 HN, suggesting that the homotypic F and HN proteins are physically associated with each other on cell surfaces. Furthermore, we observed that PI3 F was found to cocap with PI3 HN but not with PI2 HN, also indicating a specific association between the homotypic proteins. These results indicate that the homotypic F and HN glycoproteins are physically associated with each other on the cell surface and suggest that such association is crucial to cell fusion induced by paramyxoviruses.[1]


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