The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Acetylcholine release in the rat prefrontal cortex in vivo: modulation by alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists.

We have previously shown that the release of acetylcholine (ACh) in the medial prefrontal cortex of the conscious rat, as measured by microdialysis, is increased following intraperitoneal injection of the selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist (+)-efaroxan. To characterize further the receptor pharmacology of this response, the effects of other selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor ligands were examined. The alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonists idazoxan (2.5 and 20 mg/kg), atipamezole (2.5 mg/kg), and fluparoxan (10 mg/kg) increased ACh outflow by up to 250-325% of basal levels over a 3-h period following intraperitoneal injection. The alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonists UK-14304 (2.5 mg/kg) and guanabenz (2.5 mg/kg) reduced ACh outflow by 80 and 60%, respectively. Clonidine (0.00063-0.16 mg/kg) had no significant depressant effect and at 2.5 mg/kg increased ACh outflow to 233% of basal levels. These results indicate a modulatory role for alpha 2-adrenoceptors on the release of ACh in the rat prefrontal cortex in vivo. Based on the facilitatory effects produced by the antagonists alone, this alpha 2-adrenoceptor modulation appears to be tonic and inhibitory. The ability of alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonists to enhance ACh outflow suggests a therapeutic usefulness in disorders where cortical ACh release deficits have been implicated.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities