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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients treated with triamcinolone acetonide aerosol.

Thirty asthmatic patients participating in a trial of triamcinolone acetonide aerosol were evaluated to determine the relationships among symptons of sore throat or hoarseness, the appearance of the throat on physical examination, and the presence of yeasts on pharyngeal culture. Observations were recorded prior to aerosol therapy and repeated after 2 wk, 4 wk, 6 wk, 4 mo, and 6 mo of therapy. A total of 15 patients (50%) experienced sore throat or hoarseness, 15 (50%) had yeasts cultured from the pharynx on at least one occasion, and 11 (37%) at some point had an abnormal throat examination; however, there was no predictable relationship between symptoms or abnormal physical examinations and the presence of a positive culture. The frequency of positive cultures did not change significantly during the observation period. Twelve patients had positive yeast cultures on 50% or more of their samples. The incidence of symptoms was not sigficantly increased in these chronically colonized patients. Symptoms were usually transient, and discontinuation of the aerosol or antifungal therapy was unnecessary. Triamcinolone aerosol was not associated with significantly increased pharyngeal colonization with yeasts in this 6-mo study. Existing chronic colonization is not necessarily a contraindication to triamcinolone therapy. Sore throat and hoarseness are usually unrelated to yeast infection in patients using triamcinolone acetonide aerosol.[1]


  1. Oropharyngeal candidiasis in patients treated with triamcinolone acetonide aerosol. Pingleton, W.W., Bone, R.C., Kerby, G.R., Ruth, W.E. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (1977) [Pubmed]
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