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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Rapid determination of clonality by detection of two closely-linked X chromosome exonic polymorphisms using allele-specific PCR.

We reported two specific, reproducible, and quantitative clonality assays based on detection of exonic polymorphisms of the X chromosome genes p55 and G6PD using rtPCR-LDR. These assays are inconvenient for screening purposes. This study sought to develop a simple, reproducible assay, practical for screening genomic DNA samples for p55/G6PD genotypes, rapid clonality determination, and to determine the linkage relationship between these closely related loci. The salient feature of ASPCR is the performance of two PCR rounds. The first generates template; the second, using one aliquot of first-round products in two reaction tubes, each containing one allele-specific primer, detects each allele. ASPCR and rtPCR-LDR produced identical p55/G6PD results in 91 normal female genomic DNAs, and in 12 clonal hematopoietic disorder cDNAs, confirming assay validity. 209 female and 207 male genomic DNA samples were analyzed for p55/G6PD genotype by ASPCR; 60% of females were heterozygous at one or both loci. G6PD and p55 allelic frequencies were significantly different among African-American men and women, but were not significantly different among Caucasian men and women. These loci were in linkage equilibrium among African Americans, but not among Caucasians. ASPCR is a rapid, sensitive, and specific method for screening large numbers of genomic DNAs, and for rapid clonality determination.[1]

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