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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Electrophysiological effects of CI-980, a tubulin binding agent, on guinea-pig papillary muscles.

1. The electrophysiological effects of CI-980, a new tubulin-binding agent that inhibits assembly of cytoplasmic microtubules, on transmembrane action potential characteristics were studied in right ventricular papillary muscles from guinea-pig hearts. 2. In papillary muscles driven at 1 Hz, CI-980 at concentrations > or = 10(-5) M produced a concentration-dependent increase in the maximum upstroke velocity (Vmax) and a lengthening of the action potential duration at 50% (APD50) and 90% (APD90) of repolarization without affecting the resting membrane potential. Prolongation of the APD90 was accompanied by a parallel lengthening of the effective refractory period (ERP) so that the ERP/APD90 ratio remained unaltered at all drug concentrations tested. 3. CI-980 exhibits a reverse use-dependent effect on APD90 values, that is, drug-induced APD90 prolongation become exagerated at slow rates and attenuated at fast rates. 4. CI-980 at concentrations > or = 10(-6) M lengthened the APD of the slow action potentials elicited by isoprenaline in papillary muscles depolarized by high K+ (27 mM) solution. 5. At 10(-5) M, CI-980 produced a small tonic Vmax block. However, in muscles driven at rates between 0.5 and 3 Hz it produced an exponential decline in Vmax (use-dependent Vmax block) which was augmented at higher rates of stimulation. At 3 Hz the onset kinetics of the use-dependent Vmax block was fitted by a monoexponential function with a K value 0.07 +/- 0.01 per AP. The recovery time constant (tau re) from the use-dependent Vmax block was prolonged from 21.6 +/- 2.6 ms to 3.5 +/- 0.2 s. 6. The curve relating membrane potential and Vmax was shifted by CI-980 (10(-5) M) in the hyperpolarizing direction by 2.3 +/- 1.1 mV. 7. It is concluded that in guinea-pig papillary muscles, CI-980 produces a use-dependent inhibition of Vmax and a reverse use-dependent prolongation of the ventricular action potential, thus exhibiting class I and class III antiarrhythmic actions, respectively. From the onset and offset kinetics of use-dependent Vmax block, CI-980 can be considered to be an intermediate kinetics (IA) Na+ channel blocker.[1]


  1. Electrophysiological effects of CI-980, a tubulin binding agent, on guinea-pig papillary muscles. Pérez, O., Valenzuela, C., Delpón, E., Tamargo, J. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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