The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of parasite antigen-driven immune responses by interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-12 in lymphatic filariasis.

We investigated the mechanisms by which interleukin-10 (IL-10) regulates antigen-specific hyporesponsiveness in asymptomatic microfilaremic (MF) individuals. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from MF individuals (n = 11) were stimulated in vitro with Brugia malayi antigen (BMA) or mycobacterial purified protein derivative (PPD) in the presence of neutralizing anti-IL-10 or isotype control monoclonal antibodies. As expected, BMA stimulated little or no gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) secretion in MF individuals, whereas PPD stimulated IFN-gamma in all but one. Neutralization of endogenous BMA-driven IL-10 secretion led to augmentation of IFN-gamma in seven of nine MF individuals (1.5- to 10-fold) and did so in a BMA-specific manner (PPD-driven IFN-gamma was augmented in only two of eight MF individuals and only 1.5- to 2-fold), indicating that IL-10 downregulates type 1 responses in these individuals. Type 2 responses (IL-5 secretion) were unaffected by the IL-10 blockade. To assess whether IL-12 could reverse the type 1 downregulation observed, the effect of recombinant human IL-12 (rhIL-12) on BMA-driven IL-5 and IFN-gamma production was also evaluated. rhIL-12 augmented both BMA- and PPD-driven IFN-gamma production 5- to 10-fold in six of nine MF individuals. These data demonstrate that IL-10 downregulates BMA-driven type 1 responses and that IL-12 can overcome downregulation of Th1 responses associated with MF but does so in a non-antigen-specific manner.[1]


  1. Regulation of parasite antigen-driven immune responses by interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-12 in lymphatic filariasis. Mahanty, S., Ravichandran, M., Raman, U., Jayaraman, K., Kumaraswami, V., Nutman, T.B. Infect. Immun. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities