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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors reduce phorbol ester-induced cutaneous inflammation and hyperplasia.

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of zinc-dependent proteases which play key roles in extracellular matrix remodeling, connective tissue damage, inflammation and cell proliferation in a variety of tissues. Since MMP inhibitors have been recently shown to decrease proliferation of vascular smooth-muscle cells, and to prevent neutrophil infiltration in response to alkali burns, we sought to determine whether MMPs play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory or hyperproliferative skin disorders. The effects of a specific MMP inhibitor and its analogues on phorbol dibutyrate (PdiBu)-induced inflammation and epidermal hyperplasia in murine skin were assessed. Topical GM 6001, a hydroxamic acid analog with potent inhibitory activity against several MMPs, markedly inhibited PdiBu-induced increases in both ear thickness and ear punch-biopsy weight in a dose-dependent manner 30 h after topical application of PdiBu. Maximal inhibition (75%) was obtained at a dose of 100 micrograms/cm2 (P < 0.01). Moreover, histologic analysis revealed that GM 6001 decreased both the inflammatory cellular infiltrates and epidermal hyperplasia induced by PdiBu. Whereas similar results were found for GM 1489, an analog of GM 6001, acetohydroxamic acid, containing the critical metal ligand group but without the amino acid side chains necessary for binding to the MMPs, did not alter the response to PdiBu inflammation/hyperplasia. These results show that the MMP inhibitors, GM 6001 and GM 1489, are effective in reducing both the inflammatory and hyperproliferative responses that occur following topical phorbol ester application, suggesting a potential role for MMPs in cutaneous inflammatory dermatoses. Moreover, the delivery of this class of inhibitors across intact stratum corneum implies that MMP inhibition could provide an approach to the topical treatment of inflammatory dermatoses.[1]


  1. Matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors reduce phorbol ester-induced cutaneous inflammation and hyperplasia. Holleran, W.M., Galardy, R.E., Gao, W.N., Levy, D., Tang, P.C., Elias, P.M. Arch. Dermatol. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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