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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Individual bile acids in portal venous and systemic blood serum of fasting man.

The serum concentrations of cholic acid (C), chenodeoxycholic acid (CD), and deoxycholic acid (D) were determined in peripheral venous and portal venous blood from 10 otherwise healthy patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy. A highly specific and accurate gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric technique was used. Peripheral venous serum contained 0.49 +/- 0.16 (mean +/- SEM) mumole per liter of C, 1.55 +/- 0.32 mumoles per liter of CD, and 1.44 +/- 0.57 mumoles per liter of D. Arterial serum, obtained from 5 of the subjects, did not show any differences in bile acid concentrations compared to venous serum. In contrast, the portal venous content of each bile acid was several-fold greater, 6.14 +/- 1.20 mumoles per liter of C, 8.40 +/- 1.84 mumoles per liter of CD, and 6.18 +/- 2.27 mumoles per liter of D. The hepatic uptake of C was estimated to be about 90%, whereas that of CD and D was lower, about 70%. This difference in hepatic uptake between the individual bile acids was reflected in the relative composition of the total bile acids, which was 30:39:31 (C:CD:D) in portal venous serum and 13:50:37 in peripheral serum. Compared to common duct bile obtained simultaneously, the portal vein contained a greater proportion of CD. The relevance of the data obtained to our present concept of the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids is discussed, and it is suggested that the higher fasting level of CD compared to C in peripheral serum results from the combination of a lower fractional hepatic extraction and a higher portal venous input to the systemic circulation.[1]


  1. Individual bile acids in portal venous and systemic blood serum of fasting man. Ahlberg, J., Angelin, B., Björkhem, I., Einarsson, K. Gastroenterology (1977) [Pubmed]
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