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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Elevated brain 5-hydroxytryptophol levels in experimental portal-systemic encephalopathy.

Brain tissue levels of the two serotonin metabolites 5-hydroxytryptophol and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) were measured in porta-caval shunted rats, an in vivo model of portal-systemic encephalopathy. An intraperitoneal challenge of L-tryptophan (280 mg/kg body weight) to sham-operated rats was also instituted to increase the brain serotonin metabolism in these rats. The results revealed significant increases in 5-hydroxytryptophol (by 31% and 5-HIAA (by 87%) brain levels in porta-caval shunted rats as compared to sham-operated controls. The brain 5-hydroxytryptophol-to-5-HIAA ratio was lower in the porta-caval shunted rats. The 5-hydroxytryptophol levels in sham rats after the L-tryptophan challenge were intermediate between the porta-caval shunted and sham rats but not statistically significant for either group. These results suggest that increased brain 5-hydroxytryptophol levels might be associated with the pathogenesis of portal-systemic encephalopathy. Further, the elevated brain 5-hydroxytryptophol levels in experimental portal-systemic encephalopathy are probably a result of the increased brain serotonin metabolism prevailing in this condition rather than changes in the brain redox potential.[1]


  1. Elevated brain 5-hydroxytryptophol levels in experimental portal-systemic encephalopathy. Bergqvist, P.B., Some, M., Apelqvist, G., Helander, A., Bengtsson, F. Pharmacol. Toxicol. (1997) [Pubmed]
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