The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific Gq protein involvement in muscarinic M3 receptor-induced phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis and Ca2+ release in mouse duodenal myocytes.

1. Cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) during exposure to acetylcholine or caffeine was measured in mouse duodenal myocytes loaded with fura-2. Acetylcholine evoked a transient increase in [Ca2+]i followed by a sustained rise which was rapidly terminated after drug removal. Although L-type Ca2+ currents participated in the global Ca2+ response induced by acetylcholine, the initial peak in [Ca2+]i was mainly due to release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. 2. Atropine, 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine (4-DAMP, a muscarinic M3 antagonist), pirenzepine (a muscarinic M1 antagonist), methoctramine and gallamine (muscarinic M2 antagonists) inhibited the acetylcholine-induced Ca2+ release, with a high affinity for 4-DAMP and atropine and a low affinity for the other antagonists. Selective protection of muscarinic M2 receptors with methoctramine during 4-DAMP mustard alkylation of muscarinic M3 receptors provided no evidence for muscarinic M2 receptor-activated [Ca2+]i increase. 3. Acetylcholine-induced Ca2+ release was blocked by intracellular dialysis with a patch pipette containing either heparin or an anti-phosphatidylinositol antibody and by external application of U73122 (a phospholipase C inhibitor). 4. Acetylcholine-induced Ca2+ release was insensitive to external pretreatment with pertussis toxin, but concentration-dependently inhibited by intracellular dialysis with a patch pipette solution containing an anti-alpha q/alpha 11 antibody. An antisense oligonucleotide approach revealed that only the Gq protein was involved in acetylcholine-induced Ca2+ release. 5. Intracellular applications of either an anti-beta com antibody or a peptide corresponding to the G beta gamma binding domain of the beta-adrenoceptor kinase 1 had no effect on acetylcholine-induced Ca2+ release. 6. Our results show that, in mouse duodenal myocytes, acetylcholine-induced release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores is mediated through activation of muscarinic M3 receptors which couple with a Gq protein to activate a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities