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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

The role of platelet-activating factor in musculocutaneous flap reperfusion injury.

Platelet-activating factor is an extremely potent lipid-inflammatory mediator implicated in the pathophysiologic mechanism of reperfusion injury in a variety of organs. The purpose of this study, employing a porcine latissimus dorsi flap model, was to (1) examine the expression of platelet-activating factor and (2) evaluate the possible benefit and mechanism of action of platelet-activating factor antagonism in musculocutaneous flap reperfusion injury. Experiment 1: In 6 pigs, bilateral flaps underwent 8 hours of arterial ischemia followed by 12 hours of reperfusion. Biopsies were collected sequentially and analyzed immunohistochemically for platelet-activating factor expression. Different processing techniques, however, were unable to detect specific tissue expression of platelet-activating factor. Experiment 2: In 11 pigs, bilateral flaps underwent 8 hours of arterial ischemia followed by 20 hours of reperfusion. A lipophilic platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist (L-659,989) was administered as a single dose to treated flaps by a local intraarterial route prior to reperfusion. This treatment augmented the survival of both muscle (48.3 versus 19.7 percent) and skin (49.8 versus 42.0 percent) components of the flaps in a statistically significant fashion (p = 0.001). Experiment 3: In 3 pigs, a radiolabeled structural analogue of L-659,989 (14C-L-680,573) was administered to flaps in a fashion similar to experiment 2. After 8 hours of ischemia, sequential full-thickness flap biopsies were collected over the initial 6 hours of reperfusion. The radio-labeled platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist was found to be highly concentrated within treated flaps, with gradual decay over the initial 6 hours of reperfusion. Experiment 4: Thirty minutes prior to completion of 8 hours of arterial ischemia, autologous neutrophils labeled with indium-111 were reintroduced into the systemic-circulation of 5 pigs. Prior to reperfusion, treated flaps received L-659,989 as in experiment 2. Over the initial 4 hours of reperfusion, the flaps were imaged in situ by a gamma camera at 3-minute intervals. The platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist was found to significantly attenuate the accumulation of radioactivity within treated flaps. Conclusion: Platelet-activating factor expression within musculocutaneous flaps subjected to ischemia and reperfusion was non directly demonstrated in this study. Still, we have shown that (1) the specific platelet-activating factor receptor antagonist L-659,989 is beneficial to the survival of both muscle and skin flap components, (2) a single, prereperfusion local dose of this lipophilic drug remains concentrated within the flap during the early inflammatory phase of reperfusion, and (3) during reperfusion, platelet-activating factor antagonism is able to directly or indirectly diminish the accumulation of acute inflammatory cells in musculocutaneous flaps.[1]

References

  1. The role of platelet-activating factor in musculocutaneous flap reperfusion injury. Stotland, M.A., Kerrigan, C.L. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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