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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Axonal contact regulates expression of alpha2 and beta2 isoforms of Na+, K+-ATPase in Schwann cells: adhesion molecules and nerve regeneration.

Three isoforms of catalytic alpha subunits and two isoforms of beta subunits of Na+,K+-ATPase were detected in rat sciatic nerves by western blotting. Unlike the enzyme in brain, sciatic nerve Na+,K+-ATPase was highly resistant to ouabain. The ouabain-resistant alpha1 isoform was demonstrated to be the predominant form in rat intact sciatic nerve by quantitative densitometric analysis and is mainly responsible for sciatic nerve Na+,K+-ATPase activity. After sciatic nerve injury, the alpha3 and beta1 isoforms completely disappeared from the distal segment owing to Wallerian degeneration. In contrast, alpha2 and beta2 isoform expression and Na+,K+-ATPase activity sensitive to pyrithiamine (a specific inhibitor of the alpha2 isoform) were markedly increased in Schwann cells in the distal segment of the injured sciatic nerve. These latter levels returned to baseline with nerve regeneration. Our results suggest that alpha3 and beta1 isoforms are exclusive for the axon and alpha2 and beta2 isoforms are exclusive for the Schwann cell, although axonal contact regulates alpha2 and beta2 isoform expressions. Because the beta2 isoform of Na+,K+-ATPase is known as an adhesion molecule on glia (AMOG), increased expression of AMOG/beta2 on Schwann cells in the segment distal to sciatic nerve injury suggests that AMOG/beta2 may act as an adhesion molecule in peripheral nerve regeneration.[1]


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