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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction of arrestins with intracellular domains of muscarinic and alpha2-adrenergic receptors.

The intracellular domains of G-protein-coupled receptors provide sites for interaction with key proteins involved in signal initiation and termination. As an initial approach to identify proteins interacting with these receptors and the receptor motifs required for such interactions, we used intracellular subdomains of G-protein-coupled receptors as probes to screen brain cytosol proteins. Peptides from the third intracellular loop (i3) of the M2-muscarinic receptor (MR) (His208-Arg387), M3-MR (Gly308-Leu497), or alpha2A/D-adrenergic receptor (AR) (Lys224-Phe374) were generated in bacteria as glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion proteins, bound to glutathione-Sepharose and used as affinity matrices to detect interacting proteins in fractionated bovine brain cytosol. Bound proteins were identified by immunoblotting following SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Brain arrestins bound to the GST-M3 fusion protein, but not to the control GST peptide or i3 peptides derived from the alpha2A/D-AR and M2-MR. However, each of the receptor subdomains bound purified beta-arrestin and arrestin-3. The interaction of the M3-MR and M2-MR i3 peptides with arrestins was further investigated. The M3-MR i3 peptide bound in vitro translated [3H]beta-arrestin and [3H]arrestin-3, but did not interact with in vitro translated or purified visual arrestin. The properties and specificity of the interaction of in vitro translated [3H]beta-arrestin, [3H]visual arrestin, and [3H]beta-arrestin/visual arrestin chimeras with the M2-MR i3 peptide were similar to those observed with the intact purified M2-MR that was phosphorylated and/or activated by agonist. Subsequent binding site localization studies indicated that the interaction of beta-arrestin with the M3-MR peptide required both the amino (Gly308-Leu368) and carboxyl portions (Lys425-Leu497) of the receptor subdomain. In contrast, the carboxyl region of the M3-MR i3 peptide was sufficient for its interaction with arrestin-3.[1]


  1. Interaction of arrestins with intracellular domains of muscarinic and alpha2-adrenergic receptors. Wu, G., Krupnick, J.G., Benovic, J.L., Lanier, S.M. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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