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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Molecular non-genetic biomarkers of effect related to acephate cocarcinogenesis: sex- and tissue-dependent induction or suppression of murine CYPs.

The aim of this work was to study the ability of the organophosphate insecticide acephate to alter some biochemical markers of effect related non-genetic cocarcinogenesis. For this purpose, selective CYP-dependent reactions have been examined in liver, kidney and lung microsomes of male and female Swiss albino CD1-mice treated (i.p.) with a 125 or 250 mg/kg b.w. dose of this pesticide. High specific substrates were used as a probe of various isozymes, such as CYP 1A1, 1A2, 2B1, 2E1 and 3A. Maked organ- and sex-related differences in either inducive or suppressive response by acephate depict a complex pattern of CYP modulation with the kidney being more responsive to 3A induction (up to 6.9-fold increase, male) and the lung to 2B1 suppression (up to 70% loss, mainly female). In the liver, a 2.7-fold increase in the 3A-like activity, probed by the O-demethylation of aminopyrine, in the O-deethylation of phenacetin (1.8-fold increase, 1A2), as well as in the hydroxylation of p-nitrophenol (1.6-fold increase, 2E1) was observed in male animals at a lower dose. In contrast, a marked reduction of CYP 1A1-mediated ethoxyresorfin O-deethylase activity ranging from 43% (lower dose) to 44% loss (higher dose) in female and male mice, respectively, and of CYP 2B1-mediated pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (3% loss, female) was achieved. In the kidney, an increase in the 'mixed' ethoxycoumarin O-deethylase (up to 2-fold) as well as in the 2B1-like activity (up to 2.8-fold) was also recorded in males at 250 mg/kg. Once again, in the lung, a different behaviour on 3A isoforms between female (approximately 2-fold increase) and male (44% loss) was seen at a lower dose. The specificity of CYP changes was corroborated by means of Western immunoblotting analysis using rabbit polyclonal antibodies, anti-CYP 3A1/2 and 2E1. Taken together, these data indicate a possible toxic/cotoxic, cocarcinogenic and promoting potential of acephate.[1]

References

  1. Molecular non-genetic biomarkers of effect related to acephate cocarcinogenesis: sex- and tissue-dependent induction or suppression of murine CYPs. Paolini, M., Pozzetti, L., Sapone, A., Mesirca, R., Perocco, P., Mazzullo, M., Cantelli-Forti, G. Cancer Lett. (1997) [Pubmed]
 
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