The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

AP1-mediated multidrug resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires FLR1 encoding a transporter of the major facilitator superfamily.

We have isolated a Candida albicans gene that confers resistance to the azole derivative fluconazole (FCZ) when overexpressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This gene encodes a protein highly homologous to S. cerevisiae yAP-1, a bZip transcription factor known to mediate cellular resistance to toxicants such as cycloheximide (CYH), 4-nitroquinoline N-oxide (4-NQO), cadmium, and hydrogen peroxide. The gene was named CAP1, for C. albicans AP-1. Cap1 and yAP-1 are functional homologues, since CAP1 expression in a yap1 mutant strain partially restores the ability of the cells to grow on toxic concentrations of cadmium or hydrogen peroxide. We have found that the expression of YBR008c, an open reading frame identified in the yeast genome sequencing project and predicted to code for a multidrug transporter of the major facilitator superfamily, is dramatically induced in S. cerevisiae cells overexpressing CAP1. Overexpression of either CAP1 or YAP1 in a wild-type strain results in resistance to FCZ, CYH, and 4-NQO, whereas such resistance is completely abrogated (FCZ and CYH) or strongly reduced (4-NQO) in a ybr008c deletion mutant, demonstrating that YBR008c is involved in YAP1- and CAP1-mediated multidrug resistance. YBR008c has been renamed FLR1, for fluconazole resistance 1. The expression of an FLR1-lacZ reporter construct is strongly induced by the overexpression of either CAP1 or YAP1, indicating that the FLR1 gene is transcriptionally regulated by the Cap1 and yAP-1 proteins. Taken collectively, our results demonstrate that FLR1 represents a new YAP1-controlled multidrug resistance molecular determinant in S. cerevisiae. A similar detoxification pathway is also likely to operate in C. albicans.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities