The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suitability of [11, 12-3H2]chenodeoxycholic acid and [11, 12-3H2]lithocholic acid for isotope dilution studies of bile acid metabolism in man.

Studies were carried out to assess the stability of the label in [11,12-(3)H(2)]chenodeoxycholic acid and [11,12-(3)H(2)]lithocholic acid during enterohepatic cycling and thus define the suitability of these tracers for isotope dilution studies of bile acids in man. To do this, [11,12-(3)H(2)]-chenodeoxycholic acid and [24-(14)C]chenodeoxycholic acid were administered simultaneously to six healthy adults. The (3)H/(14)C ratio of biliary chenodeoxycholic acid and the specific activity of biliary chenodeoxycholic acid were determined to permit calculation of pool size and turnover rate by the conventional isotope dilution procedure of Lindstedt (1957. Acta Physiol. Scand. 40: 1). Excretion of label in urine was measured as well as the (3)H/(14)C ratio of fecal bile acids. Similar studies were carried out with [11,12-(3)H(2)]lithocholic acid and [24-(14)C]lithocholic acid. With [11,12-(3)H(2)]chenodeoxycholic acid, 10-15% of the label was lost during the first 24 hours, after which the (3)H/(14)C ratio of biliary chenodeoxycholic acid remained constant. The loss of (3)H caused a consistent overestimate of pool size by 10-15%, but since the fractional turnover rate of the two isotopes was identical, the calculated rate of synthesis was 10-15% greater when determined using (3)H. The loss of (3)H was attributed to the presence of (3)H in positions other than 11 and 12 occurring during the labeling procedure when the unsaturated precursor was exposed to carrier-free tritium gas. The (3)H/(14)C ratio of feces was consistently below that of bile, suggesting bacterial removal of additional (3)H during distal intestinal passage. In contrast, [11,12-(3)H(2)]lithocholic acid lost (3)H continuously, so that by 2 days after administration, the (3)H/(14)C ratio had fallen to nearly half of that of the administered mixture. It is concluded that isotope dilution studies may be carried out with one preparation of [11,12-(3)H(2)]chenodeoxycholic acid with an error of 10-15%; possibly a more stable preparation can be prepared with a gentler tritiation procedure. One preparation of [11,12-(3)H(2)]lithocholic acid was unsatisfactory for isotope dilution studies in man.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities