The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Anticonvulsant usage is associated with an increased risk of procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions in patients with brain tumors.

BACKGROUND: Procarbazine usage in brain tumors has a high incidence of hypersensitivity reactions compared with its use in other malignancies. Procarbazine oxidation to a reactive intermediate is enhanced by phenobarbital. Patients with primary brain tumors would have a preferential exposure to anticonvulsants compared to patients with other malignancies. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether anticonvulsant exposure is associated with procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions in patients with primary brain tumors. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 83 patients with primary brain tumors who were treated with procarbazine between 1981 and 1996 at a university hospital-based regional oncology center. Data were extracted by chart review. The data collected included age, sex, race, tumor type, smoking, alcohol usage, and all concomitant medications, as well as creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, and anticonvulsant serum levels. Anticonvulsant exposure was determined by the presence of detectable serum levels. Cases of procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions were identified through a review of progress notes. RESULTS: There were 20 patients with procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions. A significant association between the exposure to anticonvulsants and the development of procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions was found (p = 0.05). In addition, there was a significant dose-response association between the development of procarbazine hypersensitivity and the presence of therapeutic anticonvulsant serum levels (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant exposure to anticonvulsants is associated with procarbazine hypersensitivity reactions, possibly though a reactive intermediate generated by CYP3A isoform induction. All patients in this cohort received enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants. New anticonvulsants devoid of this property are available. These data support trials that use these newer agents for the prophylaxis of seizures in patients with brain tumors who are to receive procarbazine.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities