The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Smad4 and FAST-1 in the assembly of activin-responsive factor.

Members of the TGF-beta superfamily of signalling molecules work by activating transmembrane receptors with phosphorylating activity (serine-threonine kinase receptors); these in turn phosphorylate and activate SMADs, a class of signal transducers. Activins are growth factors that act primarily through Smad2, possibly in partnership with Smad4, which forms heteromeric complexes with different ligand-specific SMADs after activation. In frog embryos, Smad2 participates in an activin-responsive factor (ARF), which then binds to a promoter element of the Mix.2 gene. The principal DNA-binding component of ARF is FAST-1, a transcription factor with a novel winged-helix structure. We now report that Smad4 is present in ARF, and that FAST-1, Smad4 and Smad2 co-immunoprecipitate in a ligand-regulated fashion. We have mapped the site of interaction between FAST-1 and Smad2/Smad4 to a novel carboxy-terminal domain of FAST-1, and find that overexpression of this domain specifically inhibits activin signalling. In a yeast two-hybrid assay, the FAST-1 carboxy terminus interacts with Smad2 but not Smad4. Deletion mutants of the FAST-1 carboxy terminus that still participate in ligand- regulated Smad2 binding no longer associated with Smad4 or ARF. These results indicate that Smad4 stabilizes a ligand- stimulated Smad2-FAST-1 complex as an active DNA-binding factor.[1]


  1. Smad4 and FAST-1 in the assembly of activin-responsive factor. Chen, X., Weisberg, E., Fridmacher, V., Watanabe, M., Naco, G., Whitman, M. Nature (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities