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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A time-resolved FTIR difference study of the plastoquinone QA and redox-active tyrosine YZ interactions in photosystem II.

In this paper, we present the first time-dependent measurements of flash-induced infrared difference spectra of photosystem II (PSII) using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. With this experimental approach, we were able to obtain the YZoxQA-/YZQA vibrational difference spectrum of Tris-washed, PSII-enriched samples in the absence of hydroxylamine at room temperature (16 +/- 2 degrees C), with a spectral resolution of 4 cm-1 and a temporal resolution of 50 ms. In order to determine the dominant species in the FTIR spectrum at a particular point in time after an excitation flash, the decay kinetics of YZox and QA- were independently monitored by EPR and chlorophyll a fluorescence, respectively, under the same experimental conditions. These measurements confirmed that the addition of DCMU to Tris-washed PSII samples does not significantly affect the YZox decay, but does substantially slow down the QA- decay. By making use of the difference in the decay kinetics using DCMU, the QA-/QA signals could be separated from the YZox/YZ signals and a pure QA-/QA difference spectrum obtained. By comparison of the YZoxQA-/YZQA difference spectrum with the pure QA-/QA difference spectrum, a large differential band at 1706/1699 cm-1 could be identified and associated with YZ oxidation. In contrast, an intense band at 1478 cm-1, whose DCMU-sensitive decay follows the QA- decay based on the chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements, was present in all of the time-resolved spectra. Since no significant reversible Chl+ radicals could be detected by the EPR measurements under our experimental conditions, we confirm that this band most likely arises only from the semiquinone anion QA- [Berthomieu, C., Nabedryk, E., Mäntele, W., & Breton, J. (1990) FEBS Lett. 269, 363-367].[1]


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