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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Further evidence for the involvement of tachykinin receptor subtypes in formalin and capsaicin models of pain in mice.

The intradermal (i.d.) injection of NK1 receptor antagonists GR 82334 and FK 888 (1-50 pmol/paw), in association with formalin, produced graded inhibition of the early but not the late phase of the formalin test. The NK2, SR 48968 and NK3 SR 142801 receptor antagonists (1-50 pmol/paw) were effective in inhibiting both phases of the formalin model. Co-injection of NK1, (FK 888, GR 82334), NK2 (SR 48968) or NK3 (SR 142801) receptor antagonists with capsaicin dose-dependently attenuated capsaicin-induced licking. In addition, all antagonists were more efficacious when compared with response in the formalin test. The antinociception caused by i.d. injection of the NK3 receptor antagonist SR 142801 against both phases of the formalin test, but not that of NK1 and NK2 receptor antagonists, was significantly reversed by intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of naloxone (5 mg/kg). Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of NK1, NK2 or NK3 receptor antagonists (15-500 pmol/site), all produced significant and dose-dependent inhibition of both phases of the formalin and capsaicin tests. With the exception of the response of SR 48968, which was equipotent in both models of nociception, FK 888, GR 82334 and SR 142801 were about 2-25-fold less potent at the ID50 level against the capsaicin-induced pain. The antinociception caused by i.c.v. injection of NK1, NK2 or NK3 receptor antagonists was reversed by i.p. injection of naloxone (5 mg/kg). These results indicate that tachykinin receptor antagonists, acting through NK1, NK2 and NK3 receptors, produce powerful antinociception when injected i.d. or by i.c.v. route against both formalin- and capsaicin-induced licking, being more efficacious against the latter model of nociception. The action of NK3 receptor antagonist given i.d. was mediated through an opioid mechanism sensitive to naloxone. However, when injected i.c.v., the antinociception caused by NK1, NK2 or NK3 receptor antagonists was largely reversed by naloxone when assessed in the formalin test, suggesting a distinct mechanism of action.[1]


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