The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phytanic acid alpha-oxidation: decarboxylation of 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA to pristanic acid in human liver.

The degradation of the first intermediate in the alpha-oxidation of phytanic acid, 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA, was investigated. Human liver homogenates were incubated with 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA or 2-hydroxyphytanic acid, after which formation of 2-ketophytanic acid and pristanic acid were studied. 2-Hydroxyphytanic acid was converted into 2-ketophytanic acid and pristanic acid. When ATP, Mg2+, and coenzyme A were added to the incubation medium, higher amounts of pristanic acid were formed, whereas the formation of 2-ketophytanic acid strongly decreased. When 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA was used as substrate, there was virtually no 2-ketophytanic acid formation. However, pristanic acid was formed in higher amounts than with 2-hydroxyphytanic acid as substrate. This reaction was stimulated by NAD+ and NADP+. Pristanic acid, and not pristanoyl-CoA was found to be the product of the reaction. These results suggest the existence of two pathways for decarboxylation of 2-hydroxyphytanic acid. The first one, starting from 2-hydroxyphytanic acid, involves the formation of 2-ketophytanic acid with only a small amount of pristanic acid being formed. The second pathway, which starts from 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA, does not involve 2-ketophytanic acid and generates higher amounts of pristanic acid. The first pathway, which is peroxisomally localized, was found to be deficient in Zellweger syndrome, whereas the second pathway, localized in microsomes, was normally active. We conclude that the second pathway is predominant under in vivo conditions.[1]


  1. Phytanic acid alpha-oxidation: decarboxylation of 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA to pristanic acid in human liver. Verhoeven, N.M., Wanders, R.J., Schor, D.S., Jansen, G.A., Jakobs, C. J. Lipid Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities