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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Determination of glucose in a biological matrix by multivariate analysis of multiple band-pass-filtered Fourier transform near-infrared interferograms.

A multivariate calibration method is described in which Fourier transform near-infrared interferogram data are used to determine clinically relevant levels of glucose in an aqueous matrix of bovine serum albumin ( BSA) and triacetin. BSA and triacetin are used to model the protein and triglycerides in blood, respectively, and are present in levels spanning the normal human physiological range. A full factorial experimental design is constructed for the data collection, with glucose at 10 levels, BSA at 4 levels, and triacetin at 4 levels. Gaussian-shaped band-pass digital filters are applied to the interferogram data to extract frequencies associated with an absorption band of interest. Separate filters of various widths are positioned on the glucose band at 4400 cm-1, the BSA band at 4606 cm-1, and the triacetin band at 4446 cm-1. Each filter is applied to the raw interferogram, producing one, two, or three filtered interferograms, depending on the number of filters used. Segments of these filtered interferograms are used together in a partial least-squares regression analysis to build glucose calibration models. The optimal calibration model is realized by use of separate segments of interferograms filtered with three filters centered on the glucose, BSA, and triacetin bands. Over the physiological range of 1-20 mM glucose, this 17-term model exhibits values of R2, standard error of calibration, and standard error of prediction of 98.85%, 0.631 mM, and 0.677 mM, respectively. These results are comparable to those obtained in a conventional analysis of spectral data. The interferogram-based method operates without the use of a separate background measurement and employs only a short section of the interferogram.[1]


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