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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The phosphoprotein DARPP-32 mediates cAMP-dependent potentiation of striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate responses.

The signal transduction pathway underlying the cAMP-dependent modulation of rat striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) responses was investigated by using the two-electrode voltage-clamp technique. In oocytes injected with rat striatal poly(A)+ mRNA, activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) by forskolin potentiated NMDA responses. Inhibition of protein phosphatase 1 ( PP1) and/or protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) by the specific inhibitor calyculin A occluded the PKA-mediated potentiation of striatal NMDA responses, suggesting that the PKA effect was mediated by inhibition of a protein phosphatase. Coinjection of oocytes with striatal mRNA and antisense oligodeoxynucleotides directed against the protein phosphatase inhibitor DARPP-32 dramatically reduced the PKA enhancement of NMDA responses. NMDA responses recorded from oocytes injected with rat hippocampal poly(A)+ mRNA were not affected by stimulation of PKA. When oocytes were coinjected with rat hippocampal poly(A)+ mRNA plus complementary RNA coding for DARPP-32, NMDA responses were potentiated after stimulation of PKA. The results provide evidence that DARPP-32, which is enriched in the striatum, may participate in the signaling between the two major afferent striatal pathways, the glutamatergic and the dopaminergic projections, by the cAMP-dependent regulation of striatal NMDA currents.[1]


  1. The phosphoprotein DARPP-32 mediates cAMP-dependent potentiation of striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate responses. Blank, T., Nijholt, I., Teichert, U., Kügler, H., Behrsing, H., Fienberg, A., Greengard, P., Spiess, J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1997) [Pubmed]
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