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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spaceflight downregulates antioxidant defense systems in rat liver.

Liver antioxidant enzyme activities, mRNA abundance, and glutathione (GSH) status were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats placed in an enclosure module aboard Space Shuttle STS-63 for 8 d (F, n = 6). F animals were compared to rats housed in an enclosure module on the ground (G, n = 9), which simulated the vibration and temperature conditions associated with launch and flight, and rats kept under conventional ground vivarium conditions in individual cages (V, n = 6). Spaceflight significantly decreased catalase, GSH reductase, and GSH sulfur-transferase activities in the liver (p < .05). Neither enzyme activity nor enzyme protein content of Cu-Zn and Mn superoxide dismutase (SOD) was affected by flight. The relative abundance of mRNA for Cu-Zn SOD and catalase was significantly decreased comparing F with G rats (p < .05). Spaceflight resulted in a dramatic decrease of liver GSH, glutathione disulfide, and total GSH contents (p < .01), which were accompanied by a lower gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity (p < .05). F rats showed a 47% (p < .05) increase in liver malondialdehyde concentration compared to G and V rats. Liver protein content was not affected by flight. These results indicate that spaceflight can downregulate antioxidant defense capacity and elicit an oxidative stress in the liver.[1]


  1. Spaceflight downregulates antioxidant defense systems in rat liver. Hollander, J., Gore, M., Fiebig, R., Mazzeo, R., Ohishi, S., Ohno, H., Ji, L.L. Free Radic. Biol. Med. (1998) [Pubmed]
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