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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Trichloroethanol modulation of recombinant GABAA, glycine and GABA rho 1 receptors.

The actions of 2,2,2,-trichloroethanol were studied on agonist-activated Cl- currents in gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA), glycine and GABA rho 1 receptors by use of the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. Recombinant wild-type and mutant receptor subunits were transiently expressed in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells. Trichloroethanol enhanced currents elicited by submaximal (EC20) agonist concentrations at GABAA alpha 2 beta 1 receptors and glycine alpha 1 homomeric receptors in a reversible, concentration-dependent manner. Trichloroethanol, at concentrations of < or = 2 mM, did not significantly alter the magnitude of submaximal GABA currents at GABA rho 1 receptors, whereas higher concentrations inhibited submaximal GABA currents. Recent work has identified residues within putative transmembrane domains 2 and 3 as critical for positive modulation of GABAA and glycine receptors by n-alkanols and volatile ether anesthetics. Submaximal glycine currents at receptors containing either of two specific mutations within the glycine receptor alpha 1 subunit (S267I and A288W) were not enhanced by low concentrations of trichloroethanol and were inhibited by higher concentrations of trichloroethanol. In the GABAA alpha 2 beta 1 receptor, a specific mutation within transmembrane domain 3 of the beta 1 subunit (M286W) also abolished positive modulation by trichloroethanol. Mutations within the GABAA alpha 2 receptor subunit did not alter positive modulation by TCEt, whereas such mutations ablate positive modulation by n-alkanols and volatile anesthetics. In summary, trichloroethanol modulation of GABAA, glycine and GABA rho 1 receptors shares some, but not all, features in common with the requirements for modulation by n-alkanols and volatile anesthetics.[1]


  1. Trichloroethanol modulation of recombinant GABAA, glycine and GABA rho 1 receptors. Krasowski, M.D., Finn, S.E., Ye, Q., Harrison, N.L. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1998) [Pubmed]
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