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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The nucleotide sequence and spliced pol mRNA levels of the nonprimate spumavirus bovine foamy virus.

We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a replication-competent clone of bovine foamy virus (BFV) and have quantitated the amount of splice pol mRNA processed early in infection. The 544-amino-acid Gag protein precursor has little sequence similarity with its primate foamy virus homologs, but the putative nucleocapsid (NC) protein, like the primate NCs, contains the three glycine-arginine-rich regions that are postulated to bind genomic RNA during virion assembly. The BFV gag and pol open reading frames overlap, with pro and pol in the same translational frame. As with the human foamy virus (HFV) and feline foamy virus, we have detected a spliced pol mRNA by PCR. Quantitatively, this mRNA approximates the level of full-length genomic RNA early in infection. The integrase (IN) domain of reverse transcriptase does not contain the canonical HH-CC zinc finger motif present in all characterized retroviral INs, but it does contain a nearby histidine residue that could conceivably participate as a member of the zinc finger. The env gene encodes a protein that is over 40% identical in sequence to the HFV Env. By comparison, the Gag precursor of BFV is predicted to be only 28% identical to the HFV protein.[1]


  1. The nucleotide sequence and spliced pol mRNA levels of the nonprimate spumavirus bovine foamy virus. Holzschu, D.L., Delaney, M.A., Renshaw, R.W., Casey, J.W. J. Virol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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