The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The herpes simplex virus type 1 cleavage/packaging protein, UL32, is involved in efficient localization of capsids to replication compartments.

Six genes, including UL32, have been implicated in the cleavage and packaging of herpesvirus DNA into preassembled capsids. We have isolated a UL32 insertion mutant which is capable of near-wild-type levels of viral DNA synthesis; however, the mutant virus is unable to cleave and package viral DNA, consistent with the phenotype of a previously isolated temperature-sensitive herpes simplex virus type 1 mutant, tsN20 (P. A. Schaffer, G. M. Aron, N. Biswal, and M. Benyesh-Melnick, Virology 52:57-71, 1973). A polyclonal antibody which recognizes UL32 was previously used by Chang et al. (Y. E. Chang, A. P. Poon, and B. Roizman, J. Virol. 70:3938-3946, 1996) to demonstrate that UL32 accumulates predominantly in the cytoplasm of infected cells. In this report, a functional epitope-tagged version of UL32 showed that while UL32 is predominantly cytoplasmic, some nuclear staining which colocalizes with the major DNA binding protein (ICP8, UL29) in replication compartments can be detected. We have also used a monoclonal antibody (5C) specific for the hexon form of major capsid protein VP5 to study the distribution of capsids during infection. In cells infected with wild-type KOS (6 and 8 h postinfection), 5C staining patterns indicate that capsids are present in nuclei within replication compartments. These results suggest that cleavage and packaging occur in replication compartments at least at 6 and 8 h postinfection. Cells infected with the UL32 mutant exhibit a hexon staining pattern which is more diffusely distributed throughout the nucleus and which is not restricted to replication compartments. We propose that UL32 may play a role in "bringing" preassembled capsids to the sites of DNA packaging and that the failure to localize to replication compartments may explain the cleavage/packaging defect exhibited by this mutant. These results suggest that the UL32 protein is required at a step distinct from those at which other cleavage and packaging proteins are required and may be involved in the correct localization of capsids within infected cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities