The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The potent lipid mitogen sphingosylphosphocholine activates the DNA binding activity of upstream stimulating factor (USF), a basic helix-loop-helix-zipper protein.

We previously demonstrated that the sphingolipid, sphingosylphosphocholine (SPC) increased DNA binding activity of AP-1 proteins accompanying cellular proliferation. Herein, the effects of SPC on DNA binding activity and transcription of the basic, helix-loop-helix, leucine zipper (bHLH-ZIP) proteins Myc, Max, and USF were investigated because they regulate genes involved in mitogenesis. E-box (CACGTG) DNA binding proteins were detected by electrophoretic mobility shift assays in nuclear extracts from Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. The slowest migrating complex (complex I) increased within 1-3 min after treatment with SPC, remained elevated for 10 min, and increased again after 12 h. Complexes I and II contained USF-1 and USF-2 proteins, and complex I migrated similarly to recombinant USF-1 protein/DNA complex. Treatment of nuclear extracts with alkaline phosphatase decreased these complexes suggesting USF might be a phosphoprotein, post-translationally modified by SPC. max and usf-1 mRNA levels were unaffected by SPC treatment. In contrast, c-myc mRNA was rapidly elevated, reached maximum levels at 0.5-1 h, and showed an additional increase after 12 h, just preceding S phase. Thus, certain bHLH-ZIP transcription factors may be involved in cell growth regulation by SPC.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities