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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II potentiates vascular endothelial growth factor-induced angiogenic activity in retinal microcapillary endothelial cells.

Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a role in the development of many vascular diseases. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of Ang II on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor expression and VEGF-induced angiogenic activity in bovine retinal microcapillary endothelial cells (BRECs). Ang II induced a significant increase of kinase domain-containing receptor/total liver kinase ( KDR/Flk-1) mRNA in a time- and dose-dependent manner, with a maximal 4.3+/-0.8-fold increase after a 4-hour stimulation. Ang II increased the rate of KDR gene transcription by 5.4-fold, whereas the half-life of KDR mRNA was not increased significantly. The increase depended partially on new protein synthesis. The Ang II-induced KDR mRNA increase was inhibited by either [Sar1,Ile8]angiotensin or angiotensin type 1 receptor antagonists but was not significantly altered by angiotensin type 2 receptor antagonists. The PKC inhibitor reduced Ang II-induced KDR mRNA expression by 70+/-15%. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor reduced the Ang II- and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced KDR mRNA increases by 35+/-8% and 44+/-26%, respectively. Ang II increased by 3.1-fold the 35S-labeled KDR/Flk-1 immunoprecipitated by a specific antibody to KDR/Flk-1. Scatchard analysis demonstrated that Ang II induced a significant increase of binding sites without changing binding affinity. Ang II enhanced VEGF-induced cell growth and tube formation. Ang II itself had no effect on cell growth, tube formation, or mRNA levels of VEGF and tms-like tyrosine kinase (Flt-1) in BRECs. These findings suggest that Ang II might potentiate VEGF- induced angiogenic activity through an increase of the VEGF receptor KDR/Flk-1.[1]


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