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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Actions of A-131701, a novel, selective antagonist for alpha-1A compared with alpha-1B adrenoceptors on intraurethral and blood pressure responses in conscious dogs and a pharmacodynamic assessment of in vivo prostatic selectivity.

A-131701 (3-[2-((3aR,9bR)-cis-6-methoxy-2,3,3a,4,5,9b, hexahydro-[1H]-benz[e]isoindol-2-yl)ethyl]pyrido [3',4': 4,5]thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione) is a novel compound previously shown to be selective for alpha-1a sites compared with alpha-1b adrenoceptors in radioligand binding studies and isolated tissue bioassays and to block canine urethral pressure (IUP) responses to exogenous alpha-1 adrenergic agonists to a greater extent than blood pressure responses. In conscious dogs in which IUP and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) responses were measured periodically up to 24 hr, A-131701 blocked phenylephrine (PHE)-induced increases in IUP to a greater extent than MABP responses, and the blockade of the IUP effects of PHE was significantly different from control for up to 12 hr after doses greater than 0.3 mg/kg p.o., whereas blood pressure effects were of a lesser extent and duration. In addition to the weak antagonism of PHE-induced blood pressure responses, A-131701 also exhibited minimal effects on basal blood pressure in the dog, unlike terazosin, doxazosin or tamsulosin. Pharmacokinetic analysis of plasma samples from dogs indicated that A-131701 had a half-life of 0.4 to 0.8 hr and a bioavailability of 30 to 50% in dogs. Somewhat longer half-lives were observed in rat and monkey, with bioavailability values in the 25 to 30% range. Evidence of nonlinearity of pharmacokinetics was obtained in dogs and monkeys. Pharmacodynamic analysis revealed differences between A-131701 and nonselective alpha-1 adrenoceptor antagonists in selectivity for prostatic versus vascular alpha-1 adrenoceptors based on either extent or duration of blockade, which were either similar to or superior to compounds such as tamsulosin or REC 15/2739. These data demonstrate that A-131701 selectively blocks canine prostatic alpha-1 adrenoceptors for prolonged periods compared with MABP responses in vivo. Therefore, A-131701 should have clinical utility in the pharmacotherapy of benign prostatic hyperplasia.[1]

References

  1. Actions of A-131701, a novel, selective antagonist for alpha-1A compared with alpha-1B adrenoceptors on intraurethral and blood pressure responses in conscious dogs and a pharmacodynamic assessment of in vivo prostatic selectivity. Hancock, A.A., Brune, M.E., Witte, D.G., Marsh, K.C., Katwala, S., Milicic, I., Ireland, L.M., Crowell, D., Meyer, M.D., Kerwin, J.F. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1998) [Pubmed]
 
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